【托福培训】托福写作开头思路技巧

作者:郑州朗阁老师来源:朗阁教育时间:2018-01-22 13:34:02.000

摘要:托福写作考试由综合写作和独立写作2个部分组成。其中综合写作是考查学科类文章,独立写作是考查话题类文章。在托福独立写作考试中,开头段的写作十分重要!

 

想必托儿们都遇到过这种情况,托福写作一篇作文开头段写了15分钟,后面几段加起来就剩15分钟了。这是为什么呢,原来很多同学对于开头段如何引入还不是很明白,还有一些同学只要开头段,必有with the development of the economy and society………….  今天朗阁托福培训中心的老师就介绍几种开头段写法,来给大家拓宽一下托福写作思路。
 
 
托福写作开头段主要用以下几种方法来组织,即背景法(Background), 争议法(Controversy),
 
*问法(Question),故事法(Story)和引言法(Quotation)。其中前两种*常用。在这里我们着重讲解前两种。
 
以背景法为例。背景法一般会*出一种普遍的或值得关注的现象作为背景或者是由远到
 
近,由大到小地谈论紧扣论题的社会观点作为背景。背景法开头段的结构通常如下:背景(1-3
 
句)+论题+反方观点+(反方理由)+过度+(正方观点)+作者的观点+作者的理由。比如:
 
Technology makes people's lives more complicated. 题
 
目涉及到了比较热门的话题---科技。这样,我们就可以以这种社会比较关注的现
 
象作为我们作文的开头背景。因此这个题目的首段就可以这样开始:Technology has had
 
tremendous impacts on every aspect of modern life. However, people are having
 
conflicting opinions about whether it has made people's lives more complicated or
 
not. I believe technology has by and large made our lives more convenient。*
 
句话就是一句紧贴社会的背景,这样写不但很容易打开考生自己的思路,抓住作文的焦点,
 
还能引起*的共鸣。
 
 
 
 
争议法一般针对某件事谈到社会或者人们对于其持有不同的态度和观点,随后引出自己的观点。比如:Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants. Other people prefer to prepare and eat
 
food at home. Which do you prefer? 题目涉及到了生活习惯,更喜欢去餐馆吃饭还是在家吃。
 
Some people like to eat out at food stands and restaurants, while others like to prepare food at
 
home. Often it depends on the kind of lifestyle people have. Those with very busy jobs outside the
 
house don’t always have time to cook. They like the convenience of eating out. In my opinion ,it
 
is cheaper and healthier to eat at home.这样我们既扣住了题目,又很自然地引出了自己的观点。
 
*问法 *问法是指以问题的形式来把要阐述的事情引出来。比如
 
 
题目
 
Is it better to enjoy your money when you earn it or is it better to save your money for some
 
time in the future?
 
Everyone must work to live, but many people are fortunate enough to make more money than
 
they immediately need. What should they do with this extra income? While it is tempting for
 
people to spend it all on things they desire, I believe it is better to save at least a portion of the
 
extra income for the future.  在这里,一句What should they do with this extra income?引出来接下来我们要讨论的话题存钱还是消费。*问法可以使文章更连贯紧凑,但是注意并不是所有的文章都合适,使用时一定要慎重选择。
 
故事和引言法对于了解国外名言名人事例要求较高,在这里我们就不做重点了。
 
 
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