郑州朗阁>托福考试>【托福培训】如何拿下托福写作三选一?

【托福培训】如何拿下托福写作三选一?

  • 来源:朗阁教育
  • 2018-01-22 13:34:03.000
  • 编辑:郑州朗阁

一直以来,大家都比较熟悉托福写作中的同意与否和二选一这样的题目,但是老师统计了今年下半年9月以来的题目发现,9月到12月12日止,共有19场托福考试,其中9次同意与否,4次二选一,6次三选一。明显三选一的题目比重增加了,而对于三选一的题目,大家普遍处理的时候容易遗漏信息。如何很好的答题呢?

一直以来,参加过托福考试的考生都比较熟悉托福写作中的同意与否和二选一这样的题目,但是郑州托福小编统计了今年下半年9月以来的题目发现,9月到12月12日止,共有19场托福考试,其中9次同意与否,4次二选一,6次三选一。明显托福写作三选一的题目比重增加了,而对于三选一的题目,托福考生普遍处理的时候容易遗漏信息。如何很好的答题呢?

 

1 首先要审好题目,对于三选一题目,经常的形式是Which one is the most important…..?

郑州朗阁托福培训中心的专家认为:对于这种题目,托福考生一定注意扣题,题目中的是最高级,大家想一想什么是最高级呢,肯定是一定范围里最怎么样的,那这里的一定范围就是给出的三个选项了。而最高级的得出一定是通过两两比较得来的,所以我们的主体段一定不能缺少的地方就是两两比较,最好的那个就是我的观点了。以2017.12.10号的题目为例

Which one is the most important for high school teachers? (students aged 15 to 18)

1.The ability to give advice about planning for future.

2.The ability to recognize students that need help.

3.The ability to encourage students to learn outside of the classroom by themselves.

这里问你觉得对于高中老师来说,下面哪一种能力最重要。

我们先来看一个学生的开头段:

Recently ,the ability that high school teachers should have rises a lot of attention .these abilities include giving suggestions to plan the future , recognizing students with problems ,and encouraging students to learn independently . In my opinion , all of them are very important .

我们来看一看这个开头,最大的一个问题就是 答非所问,题目问最重要的是哪一个,该同学回答都重要,这是很典型的中国中庸思想,不偏不倚。但也恰恰没有扣住题目。这就体现了国外与中国思考方式的不同,我们从小学的都是说话说三分,不说特别倾向性的东西。但是国外是要有清晰的观点的,选举的时候也不可能把所有候选人都选上的道理啊。所以我们一定要有一个清晰的观点。

比如在这里我们可以写成 Recently ,there is a wide range of discussion about the most critical ability that secondary faculty should be qualified with . Three potential abilities are outlined : giving suggestions to future programming ; identifying students who need help ; fostering students to learn independently. Among them , I think the last one is the most significant.

在第二个sample中,我们可以看到一个清晰的观点,觉得最后一个是最好的。

 

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2 主体段中运用对比论证方式,实现两两对比。

比如主体第一段我们可以先写giving suggestion 的好处比如说老师自身有很多的经验,可以在以后的学习规划甚至职业规划起到至关重要的作用。但是正如现实中很多孩子一样,即使老师给予了很多学生建议和正确的方向,很多人还是没有耐力遵守,并不会按照这个道路走下去。

Admittedly , if students ,especially teenagers with immature life value , can obtain some precious advice from  their teacher ,they can better pave their way to success in the future . As the former experiences can help them avoid some barrier .For example , one of my classmate in high school has a talent for basketball , but he is not very od at theoretical subjects . As a result ,he t very last rank and nearly no hope to be admitted into a relatively od university . our teacher advised him to join professional team and sacrifice the insufficient learning time to professional training . Finally ,he won a valuable prize and t admitted by a famous university . However , in reality , gifted people like him are very rare and what most of common students need is not future planning ,which is obviously that being admitted by a relatively od university through high scores . Consequently , the ability to study independently is of more significance .

Due to the time limit of curriculum ,by doing this ,not only can they digest the knowledge from class , but also extend their learning scope in spare time . teachers stimulate students to come out with confusions and find approaches by themselves ,which can help students being successful in many exams. Taking Considering this , the ability to cultivate the learning independence of students is a better one .

那在这里我们有一个思路线就是,选项一的好处,选项一的限制,我持有选项的好处,段落最后有一个sub conclusion 再次申明段落中心。

下一个主体段可以仿造上段大家自己练习一下吧。

 

3 三选一的题目需要用到很多比较级和最高级。

 

这个最基础,同时也是很多同学最常犯的一个问题,尤其是在一些偏生活的题目中。比如 今年最后一个月的第一场考试(12.2)Which way would you like to change to improve your health: the kind of food you eat, the amount of exercise, or the amount of stress?

比如crucial 和critical的最高级都是在前面加the most  , easy 的最高级是easiest ,healthy的最高级很多学生写成了the most healthy  ,正确形式应该是the healthiest  .

9月16日的写作考试题目 :Children rely too much on the technology, like computers, smart phones, video games for fun and entertainment. Playing simple toys or playing outside with friends would be better for children’s development.

在这个题目中,已经记不清多少同学将题目中的simple的最高级写成the most simple了,同学们记住了,simple的最高级是simplest比较级是simpler .

另外郑州托福小编提醒大家需要关注的就是这个题目中有人会把playing simple toys 和playing outside with friends分开论述,认为是三种娱乐方式,从而当成三选一写,这也是非常危险的。这里要审清楚题目的是,两种类型的娱乐方式,一种是现代的电脑游戏,一种是传统游戏:如玩简单的玩具或者和朋友一起出去玩。所以本质上这只是一个披着三个选项的二选一题目。

 

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